Tied Results occur when the outcome of results depends on numerical values and the game design allows the game play regarding that result to end when players have the same values. If the shared values are used to determine winner in the game players may simply share the position, while when the results are part of the continued game play the rewards and penalties may be shared between the players.
Example: Chess allows game play to end in a stalemate, effectively a Tied Results even though one player may have an overwhelming amount of game pieces left comparing to the other player.
Explicitly making Tied Results possible requires that the values that are compared can have the same values, and that the time for comparison makes it possible for the values to be the same at that time. Allowing values that are exactly the same for several different measures can easily be possible by changing the values in the same increments and not allowing them to affect each other. Examples of such measurements are the time of different participants in Races, especially if the participants cannot affect each others positions or movement, or values that are compared between game sessions as in Tournaments or Highscore Lists. Score values can also easily have the same values if the points given are of the same values. For the comparisons to occur when the values are the same, the end conditions cannot depend on directly on one value reaching a certain threshold. Instead the times for comparison of the results between players are decided by Time Limits, or the depletion of some other Non-Renewable Resources.
The existence of Tied Results can be used to create both Shared Penalties and Shared Rewards, and this can encourage Uncommitted Alliances, especially if the Rewards are increased and the Penalties are decreased proportionally with the number of players having the Tied Results.
Tied Results are the effect of results without Perceivable Margins where different actions or events are compared against each other. For players to perceive the results as tied the results must be tied with someone, so Tied Results occur in Multiplayer Games or games with Agents.
If players can notice that Tied Results are about to happen they can form Uncommitted Alliances if they are satisfied with having Shared Reward and Shared Penalties if this is possible. This is a form of Player-Decided Distribution of Rewards and Penalties, and Tied Results may encourage the Uncommitted Alliances by making the explicit Rewards and Penalties into true Player-Decided Distribution of Rewards and Penalties. However, these alliances are brittle and put players in Social Dilemmas as they can be tempted to commit Betrayal.
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