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DLP

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  The language DLP is a distributed object-oriented extension of Prolog  [EliŽns (1992)]. It supports multiple inheritance,
  non-logical instance variables and multi-threaded objects (to allow for distributed backtracking). Object methods are
  collections of clauses. Method invocation is dealt with as communication by rendez-vous, for which synchronization
  conditions may be specified in so-called accept statements. The current implementation of DLP is built on top of Java. 
  
May be replaced by:

DLP is an extension of Prolog. For clauses and goals it uses standard Prolog (Edinburgh) syntax. In addition it provides a number of built-in primitives to support objects that may have so-called non-logical instance variables, to record the state of an object. There are explicit primitives to set or get the values of these non-logical instance variables. Also, the semantics of familiar operators like ==/2 and is/2 are extended to allow them to handle non-logical instance variables, as well as plain Prolog logical variables and terms. Objects are defined by their non-logical variables and a collection of clauses that act as the methods of an object. A method call is simply the invocation of a goal, which is resolved using the clauses defined for the object. Encapsulation of the state of the object, as recorded in the non-logical instance variables, is enforced by allowing only clauses defined within the object to access the non-logical instance variables. DLP supports multiple inheritance, that is objects may inherit collections of clauses from multiple objects that are defined as their ancestor(s).

Objects in DLP are multithreaded. Each object has a thread that executes the own activity of the object, defined in the constructor for the object. In addition for each method call a new thread is started. The creation of a new thread is needed to allow for independent backtracking when multiple methods are activated. Mutual exclusion, that is protection against other method calls, is guarantueed until the first answer has been delivered to the caller. This limited form of protection requires that any updates of non-logical instance variables must take place while producing the first answer.

DLP supports communication by rendez-vous. The acceptance of a method call is determined by a synchronization or accept statement in the (active) body of the object, as defined in the constructor of the object. The accept statement allows for the unification of argument parameters, as well as conditions involving the state of the object. DLP allows for truly distributed objects, that is objects residing on different nodes in a computer network. As the only language of its kind, it supports distributed backtracking, the generation of (multiple) answers in a sequential fashion when backtracking occurs on the callers side.


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