One of the goals of MPI was to allow for layered libraries. In order for a library to do this cleanly, it needs to know if MPI is active. In MPI-1 the function MPI_INITIALIZED was provided to tell if MPI had been initialized. The problem arises in knowing if MPI has been finalized. Once MPI has been finalized it is no longer active and cannot be restarted. A library needs to be able to determine this to act accordingly. To achieve this the following function is needed:
[ OUT flag] true if MPI was finalized (logical)
int MPI_Finalized(int *flag)
This routine returns true if MPI_FINALIZE has completed. It is legal to call MPI_FINALIZED before MPI_INIT and after MPI_FINALIZE.
 Advice to users.
MPI is ``active'' and it is thus safe to call MPI functions if
MPI_INIT has completed and MPI_FINALIZE
has not completed. If a library has no other way of knowing whether
MPI is active or not, then it can use MPI_INITIALIZED and
MPI_FINALIZED to determine this. For example, MPI is ``active''
in callback functions that are invoked during MPI_FINALIZE.
( End of advice to users.)